William bonney

william bonney

William “Billy The Kid” Bonney Legendary Outlaw. He was born in New York City as Henry McCarty. His mother's name was Catherine McCarty. Not very much. In spring of , toward the end of the Lincoln County War, William Bonney was jailed in Lincoln, having been tried for the murder of. Billy the Kid called himself William H. Bonney, but his original name was probably Henry McCarty. Bonney was his mother Catherine's maiden name, and William was. LEEZEY Enter your email reconnects a client. And also twice version does not it should be the web server's. The reason given never had trouble.

Nevertheless, Vidor's Billy the Kid set the pattern for Billy the Kid movies for the next fifty years, as other filmmakers followed its formula and made the Kid an instrument of justified vengeance and his enemies the villains of the story. As Billy the Kid was reborn a romantic or tragic figure in literature and films of the s—s; [49] high culture began to turn its attention to his legend in the late s. Lincoln Kirstein , co-founder with George Balanchine of the School of American Ballet , drew material from Burns' book to write the libretto for a ballet to be called Billy the Kid , performed by his new group, the Ballet Caravan.

The film, directed for the most part by Howard Hawks Hughes got the screen credit , was promoted in a publicity campaign with posters featuring Russell posing in dishabille and her cleavage prominently displayed. The film director Sam Peckinpah attempted an ambitious retelling of the legend in his last western film, [61] Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid , covering the last few months of Bonney's life, [62] in which the violence and physical brutality of the world the protagonists inhabited is portrayed realistically.

The studio's drastically cut release version, disowned by Peckinpah, was initially a failure with major critics and the viewing public. Although its depiction of the Kid as a roguish anarchist opposed to illegitimate law as enforced by Garrett on behalf of a corrupt power structure was suited to the temper of the times, [64] it quickly left first-run theaters.

Soon, however, reviews began to appear in smaller film magazines and journals in the United States and abroad that praised its artistry and breadth of vision. The film's reputation was on the ascendancy long before Peckinpah's preferred cut of the preview version was finally shown at the University of Southern California in , [65] and its critical stature has continued to increase since— Martin Scorsese , e. Despite the liberties it took with history, scholar and film editor Paul Seydor [66] described Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid as among the finest treatments of the legend in any medium.

The psychoanalyst Alfred Adler wrote an analysis in of the mythic aspects of the legend of Billy the Kid in which he compared the Kid to Oedipus , King Arthur , Robin Hood , and other legendary heroes of the past. It similarly addresses the psychological motivations of those of its characters who resort to violence, [68] in a pseudo- Freudian treatment of the subject characteristic of certain s movies.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. University of New Mexico Press. ISBN Mullin; Charles E. Welch, Jr. April Western Folklore. JSTOR David J. Wishart ed. Encyclopedia of the Great Plains. U of Nebraska Press. The West of Billy the Kid.

University of Oklahoma Press. University of Texas Press. The Billy the Kid Reader. Boggs 20 September Billy the Kid on Film, Roswell, NM: Bicep Books. Keleher March The Fabulous Frontier, Sunstone Press. Tauris Parke Paperbacks. Billy the Kid, his life and legend. Greenwood Press. Billy the Kid, his Life and Legend. Siringo History of "Billy the Kid,". Utley 17 November Yale University Press. UNM Press. NYU Press. Billy the Kid: The Endless Ride.

Western States Folklore Society. Reid Ohio State University Press. Everybody's Magazine. New York: The Ridgeway Company. Retrieved August 30, Dworkin 27 February American Heroes: Myth and Reality. Frank Dobie; John D. Young 1 August Oxford University Press.

King Vidor, American. University of California Press. Johnson University Press of Kansas. Siegel Levy 18 April Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. The new Borzoi book of ballets. North 15 June Scarecrow Press. Workman Publishing Company. Wayne State University Press. Masculine Interests: Homoerotics in Hollywood Films. Columbia University Press. Retrieved August 14, Marshal Robert Olinger".

Archived from the original on August 4, Archived from the original on March 5, Albuquerque Journal — Las Cruces Bureau. Archived from the original on December 15, Retrieved February 6, The Billy the Kid Reader. Archived from the original on July 9, Retrieved July 4, The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 25, Retrieved January 25, Archived from the original on February 19, Retrieved February 18, Archived from the original on March 4, December 31, , "Ft.

Roswell, NM: Bicep Books. July ISSN Archived from the original on November 1, Retrieved July 20, July 21, The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 23, Retrieved December 25, A family Bible put his age in at just 2 years old: far too young for even a criminal nicknamed 'the Kid'. Tucson Weekly. Archived from the original on June 16, Retrieved August 4, Retrieved August 29, April 28, Albuquerque Business Law.

Archived from the original on December 26, The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved December 13, Albuquerque Journal. Archived from the original on August 19, Retrieved August 18, The Santa Fe New Mexican. Archived from the original on November 8, Retrieved December 14, BBC News. November 22, Archived from the original on November 22, Retrieved November 23, Archived from the original on July 6, June 26, Archived from the original on February 29, Retrieved January 26, The Guardian.

Retrieved December 28, Archived from the original on March 12, Retrieved June 19, The Washington Times. Archived from the original on June 20, Billy loved to sing and had a good voice, those who knew him claimed He was ambidextrous and wrote well with both hands. The New Mexican. Archived from the original on May 8, Retrieved December 10, October 14, Archived from the original on March 1, Retrieved February 3, Santa Fe New Mexican.

Retrieved September 23, Found Photograph". National Geographic. Archived from the original on December 14, October 18, Archived from the original on December 11, Archived from the original on October 28, Retrieved October 27, December 31, Archived from the original on November 9, Retrieved December 31, July 14, Archived from the original on January 29, Archived from the original on May 27, Retrieved February 9, The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on July 4, Retrieved March 21, October 9, Archived from the original on October 16, Retrieved July 6, Griffith , archived from the original on October 22, , retrieved July 13, Adams, Ramon F.

A Fitting Death for Billy the Kid. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. OCLC Boomhower, Ray E. The Sword and the Pen. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society Press. Burns, Walter Retrieved May 12, Coe, George W. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Archived from the original on June 13, Cooper, Gale Albuquerque, New Mexico: Gelcour Books.

DeMattos, Jack November Real West. DeMattos, Jack January DeMattos, Jack August Dworkin, Mark J. Archived from the original on June 12, Retrieved June 13, Dykes, Jefferson Billy the Kid: The Bibliography of a Legend. Archived from the original on June 9, Earle, James H.

The Capture of Billy the Kid. Edwards, Harold L. Goodbye Billy the Kid. Fable, Edmund, Jr. Fulton, Maurice Garland Robert N. Nullin ed. History of the Lincoln County War. Tucson, Arizona: University of Arizona Press. Gardner, Mark Lee New York: William Morrow. Garrett, Pat F. The Authentic Life of Billy, the Kid 1st ed. Hough, Emerson September Everybody's Magazine. New York: The Ridgeway Company.

Retrieved August 28, Hunt, Frazier []. The Tragic Days of Billy the Kid. Retrieved November 21, Jacobsen, Joel Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press. Keleher, William Aloysius []. Violence in Lincoln County — My Girlhood Among Outlaws. Koop, Waldo E. Kansas City Posse of Westerners. Lifson, Amy Washington, D. Retrieved August 27, McCubbin, Robert G.

True West. Metz, Leon C. Nolan, Frederick W. Archived from the original on June 11, June Wild West. Otero, Miguel []. New York: Sunstone Press. Poe, John William []. The Death of Billy the Kid reprint ed. Santa Fe: Sunstone Press Company. Radbourne, Allan; Rasch, Phillip J. Rasch, Philip J. New Mexico Folklore Record 7. New Mexico Folklore Record 8. New Mexico Folklore Record 9. January Frontier Times. November Trailing Billy the Kid. Stillwater, Oklahoma: Western Publications. Gunsmoke in Lincoln County.

Warriors of Lincoln County. Rickards, Colin W. Southwestern Studies Monograph No. El Paso, Texas: Western Press. Simmons, Mark Sunstone Press. Turk, David S. February Marshals Service". Wild West Magazine. Archived from the original on August 17, Retrieved November 2, Billy the Kid: A Handbook. Utley, Robert M. Wallis, Michael Billy the Kid: The Endless Ride.

New York: W. Billy the Kid at Wikipedia's sister projects. Articles related to Billy the Kid. Billy the Kid. Billy the Kid ballet. The Authentic Life of Billy, the Kid. Dick Brewer, Billy the Kid and the Regulators. American frontier. John Jacob Astor William H. Boring Jonathan R. Davis George Flavel C. Anchorage Iditarod Nome Seward Skagway. Creede Denver Telluride Trinidad. Augustine St. Marks Tallahassee. Fort Boise Fort Hall.

Fort Dearborn. Independence Kansas City St. Carson City Virginia City Reno. Salt Lake City. Everett Port Townsend Seattle Vancouver. Fort Bridger Fort Laramie. Category United States Portal Commons. County seat : Carrizozo. Ruidoso Downs.

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You can review the changes here. All Ten by William Bonney. Favorite track: Monsters. Favorite track: Drug Lord. Matt Jaeger. Tom Schreier. Erik Horwitz. Robert Martini. Jared William Bowers. Sean Sandoval. Max Adams. El Eternauta. Hayden Crego. Katie Allen.

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Printed on super soft Comfort Colors brand tees. Leather Empire So fill your lungs with emotion You're just a kid and you're broken Screaming that everything's unfair You search for things left in last year Watch as your life begins to fade You will grow up pretending you're are not afraid That's not enough As your skin grows hard And your heart turns numb You realize the man That you have become Now you're nothing Searching for friends and the love that you're losing Searching for something to keep you from moving backwards.

No Pizza Been feeling like the weather last year Lots of grey and anxious fear Who am I to suggest things change? I hope for sun but it always rains Been feeling like the weather last year Lots of grey and anxious fear Look around at everything the ship has sunk and so have we Who am I to suggest things change?

It'll always fucking rain Why do I wake up? Fuck this existing Staring out windows that someone left open I feel the breeze as it passes through the wall Into the sheets and clothes that smell like you I'm miserable And I can't sleep In this lonely bed Sometimes it's just too much when I'm alone. Drug Lord I know nothing.

Grant suddenly pointed his pistol at McCarty's face and pulled the trigger. When it failed to fire, McCarty drew his own weapon and shot Grant in the head. Cornered at Greathouse's ranch, McCarty told the posse they were holding Greathouse as a hostage. Carlysle offered to exchange places with Greathouse, and McCarty accepted the offer. Carlysle later attempted to escape by jumping through a window but he was shot three times and killed. Unbeknownst to McCarty and his companions, a posse led by Pat Garrett was waiting for them.

The posse opened fire, killing O'Folliard; the rest of the outlaws escaped unharmed. When they arrived on December 26, they were met by crowds of curious onlookers. The following day, an armed mob gathered at the train depot before the prisoners, who were already on board the train with Garrett, departed for Santa Fe. The laugh's on me this time. Following his sentencing, McCarty was moved to Lincoln, where he was held under guard on the top floor of the town courthouse.

On the evening of April 28, , while Garrett was in White Oaks collecting taxes, Deputy Bob Olinger took five other prisoners across the street for a meal, leaving James Bell, [92] another deputy, alone with McCarty at the jail. McCarty asked to be taken outside to use the outhouse behind the courthouse; on their return to the jail, McCarty—who was walking ahead of Bell up the stairs to his cell—hid around a blind corner, slipped out of his handcuffs, and beat Bell with the loose end of the cuffs.

During the ensuing scuffle, McCarty grabbed Bell's revolver and fatally shot him in the back as Bell tried to get away. McCarty, with his legs still shackled, broke into Garrett's office and took a loaded shotgun left behind by Olinger.

McCarty waited at the upstairs window for Olinger to respond to the gunshot that killed Bell and called out to him, "Look up, old boy, and see what you get. Around midnight, the pair sat in Maxwell's darkened bedroom when McCarty unexpectedly entered. Accounts vary as to the course of events. According to the canonical version, as he entered the room, McCarty failed to recognize Garrett due to the poor lighting.

Who is it? A few hours after the shooting, a local justice of the peace assembled a coroner's jury of six people. The jury members interviewed Maxwell and Garrett, and McCarty's body and the location of the shooting were examined. The jury certified the body as McCarty's and, according to a local newspaper, the jury foreman said, "It was the Kid's body that we examined.

William G. Ritch, the acting New Mexico governor, refused to pay the reward. Because people had begun to claim Garrett unfairly ambushed McCarty, Garrett felt the need to tell his side of the story and called upon his friend, journalist Marshall Upson , to ghostwrite a book for him. Over time, legends grew claiming that McCarty was not killed, and that Garrett staged the incident and death out of friendship so that McCarty could evade the law.

In , a central Texas man, Ollie P. Mabry seeking a pardon. Mabry dismissed Roberts' claims, and Roberts died shortly afterward. John Miller, an Arizona man, also claimed he was McCarty. This was unsupported by his family until , some time after his death. Miller's body was buried in the state-owned Arizona Pioneers' Home Cemetery in Prescott, Arizona ; in May , Miller's teeth and bones [] were exhumed and examined, [] without permission from the state.

In , researchers sought to exhume the remains of Catherine Antrim, McCarty's mother, whose DNA would be tested and compared with that of the body buried in William Bonney's grave. In , [] author and amateur historian Gale Cooper filed a lawsuit against the Lincoln County Sheriff's Office under the state Inspection of Public Records Act to produce records of the results of the DNA tests and other forensic evidence collected in the Billy the Kid investigations.

The suit asked the court to order the state's Office of the Medical Investigator to officially certify McCarty's death under New Mexico state law. As of [update] , only one authenticated photograph showing Billy exists; others thought to depict him are disputed. One of the few remaining artifacts of McCarty's life is a 2-byinch 5. The image shows McCarty wearing a vest over a sweater, a slouch hat and a bandana, while holding an Winchester rifle with its butt resting on the floor.

For years, this was the only photograph scholars and historians agreed showed McCarty. It was passed down through Dedrick's family, and was copied several times, appearing in numerous publications during the 20th century. The image shows McCarty wearing his holstered Colt revolver on his left side. This led historians to believe he was left-handed, but they did not take into account that the ferrotype process produces reversed images. Horan and Paul Sann wrote that McCarty was right-handed and carried his pistol on his right hip.

If authentic, it is the only known photo of Billy the Kid and the Regulators together and the only image to feature their wives and female companions. McCubbin and outlaw historian John Boessenecker concluded in that the photograph does not show McCarty. Kent Gibson, a forensic video and still image expert, offered the services of his facial recognition software, and stated that McCarty is indeed one of the individuals in the image.

A photograph curator at the Palace of the Governors archives, Daniel Kosharek, said the image is "problematic on a lot of fronts," including the small size of the figures and the lack of resemblance of the background landscape to Lincoln County or the state in general.

In early October , Kagin's, Inc. The pardon considered was to fulfill Governor Lew Wallace's promise to Bonney. Richardson's decision, citing "historical ambiguity," was announced on December 31, , his last day in office. In , Charles W. Foor, an unofficial tour guide at Fort Sumner Cemetery, campaigned to raise funds for a permanent marker for the graves of McCarty, O'Folliard, and Bowdre. As a result of his efforts, a stone memorial marked with the names of the three men and their death dates beneath the word "Pals" was erected in the center of the burial area.

In , stone cutter James N. Warner of Salida, Colorado , made and donated to the cemetery a new marker for Bonney's grave. New Mexico Governor Bruce King arranged for the county sheriff to fly to California to return it to Fort Sumner, [] where it was reinstalled in May Although both markers are behind iron fencing, a group of vandals entered the enclosure at night in June and tipped the stone over.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 22 April American cowboy and outlaw — For other uses, see Billy the Kid disambiguation. Photograph of Billy the Kid, c. Henry McCarty [1]. New York City , United States. Fort Sumner , New Mexico Territory. Cattle rustler cowboy and ranch hand gambler horse thief outlaw. Main article: Lincoln County War.

Main article: Battle of Lincoln Main article: List of works about Billy the Kid. Portals : Art. New York City. James B. Roberts, Church of St. Bonney, March 20, By Pat. Garrett, Sheriff of Lincoln Co. The West of Billy the Kid. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN Archived from the original on September 2, Retrieved July 1, Atlas Obscura. March 30, Archived from the original on July 8, Retrieved July 19, The Clare Champion. July 15, Archived from the original on February 26, Retrieved November 13, May Real West Magazine.

Peter, Barclay Street, New York. Archived from the original on January 3, Retrieved January 4, State of New Mexico. Archived from the original on January 26, Retrieved January 6, August Real West : 22— History Channel. Archived from the original on March 15, Retrieved January 17, New Mexico Office of the State Historian. Retrieved February 10, True West Magazine. Archived from the original on December 22, Archived from the original on February 16, Retrieved February 11, The Gunfight at Blazer's Mill , — pp.

Retrieved January 9, Archived from the original on June 29, Retrieved January 10, Archived from the original on September 25, Retrieved November 19, Archived from the original on November 27, Retrieved December 30, November 29, Archived from the original on September 19, Archived from the original on February 15, Retrieved February 12, Archived from the original on October 23, Retrieved August 14, Marshal Robert Olinger".

Archived from the original on August 4, Archived from the original on March 5, Albuquerque Journal — Las Cruces Bureau. Archived from the original on December 15, Retrieved February 6, The Billy the Kid Reader. Archived from the original on July 9, Retrieved July 4, The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 25, Retrieved January 25, Archived from the original on February 19, Retrieved February 18, Archived from the original on March 4, December 31, , "Ft.

Roswell, NM: Bicep Books. July ISSN Archived from the original on November 1, Retrieved July 20, July 21, The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 23, Retrieved December 25, A family Bible put his age in at just 2 years old: far too young for even a criminal nicknamed 'the Kid'. Tucson Weekly. Archived from the original on June 16, Retrieved August 4, Retrieved August 29, April 28, Albuquerque Business Law.

Archived from the original on December 26, The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved December 13, Albuquerque Journal. Archived from the original on August 19, Retrieved August 18, The Santa Fe New Mexican. Archived from the original on November 8, Retrieved December 14, BBC News. November 22, Archived from the original on November 22, Retrieved November 23, Archived from the original on July 6, June 26, Archived from the original on February 29, Retrieved January 26, The Guardian.

Retrieved December 28, Archived from the original on March 12, Retrieved June 19, The Washington Times. Archived from the original on June 20, Billy loved to sing and had a good voice, those who knew him claimed He was ambidextrous and wrote well with both hands. The New Mexican. Archived from the original on May 8, Retrieved December 10, October 14, Archived from the original on March 1, Retrieved February 3, Santa Fe New Mexican.

Retrieved September 23, Found Photograph". National Geographic. Archived from the original on December 14, October 18, Archived from the original on December 11, Archived from the original on October 28, Retrieved October 27, December 31, Archived from the original on November 9, Retrieved December 31, July 14, Archived from the original on January 29, Archived from the original on May 27, Retrieved February 9, The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on July 4, Retrieved March 21, October 9,

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